D. PAID WORK (S1, 2009)

EM1S1 D1 Have you ever had a steady job (at least once a week) for pay outside your own home?  Include all paid jobs, such as jobs done for neighbors, like babysitting and yard work, and in businesses or other organizations.

0 No

1 Yes

- 9 Missing

D2 For each job you have held (part-time and full-time) since March of 1994, please fill in the information below:

            For more information about this variable, see work history and occupational coding

EM2S1 D3 Are you currently employed in a steady job (at least once a week) for pay.  (Include jobs like babysitting and yard work.  Jobs can be for other families and businesses or other organizations.)

1 No, but I am looking for a job

2 No, and I am NOT looking for a job

3 Yes, I have a job

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM3S1 D4 How many different employers do you work for?

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

D5 What days of the week, and what hours each day, do you usually work? (In military hours)

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

-88 No work reported for the day

Usual Start Time

Usual End Time

Monday EM4A1S1 EM4A2S1EM4A3S1EM4A4S1
Tuesday EM4B1S1 EM4B2S1EM4B3S1EM4B4S1
Wednesday EM4C1S1 EM4C2S1EM4C3S1EM4C4S1
Thursday EM4D1S1 EM4D2S1EM4D3S1EM4D4S1
Friday EM4E1S1 EM4E2S1EM4E3S1EM4E4S1
Saturday EM4F1S1 EM4F2S1EM4F3S1EM4F4S1
Sunday EM4G1S1 EM4G2S1EM4G3S1EM4G4S1


D6 Why did you seek your current job? (Circle all that apply)

0 Not checked

1 Checked

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM5AS1  To buy things

EM5BS1  To save for my future education

EM5CS1  To save for other purposes

EM5DS1 For the experience of working

EM5ES1  To learn new skills

EM5FS1  My friends worked there

EM5GS1  My parents wanted me to work

EM5HS1  To get out of the house

EM6S1 D7 Are you now working in

1 One or more homes (babysitting, yard work, snow shoveling) 

2 Business or Industry

3 Another setting

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EP6XS1 D7A Please tell us what they do or make in the place where you work.

D8 How did you find out about your current job? (Circle all that apply)

0 Not checked

1 Checked

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM7AS1 Parents

EM7BS1 Other relatives

EM7CS1 A friend about my age

EM7DS1 A neighbor

EM7ES1 An adult from school (teacher, counselor, etc.)

EM7FS1 Saw an advertisement 

EM7GS1 I asked if there were any job openings

EM7HS1 My employer told me about it

EM7IS1 The Internet

EM8S1 D9 Do either of your parents work in the same place you do?

1 No 

2 Yes, my job is in a family business

4 Yes, I work in a business or other organization where my parent(s) works

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

D10 How much money did you earned during the past two weeks?

INC1HS1 High figure 

INC1LS1 Low figure 

EM9S1 D11 Would you consider your pay "good pay" for the work you do?

1 Yes, definitely

2 Yes, it is pretty good

3 I am not sure

4 No, the pay is not good

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

D12 How do you use the money from your job? (Circle all that apply)

0 Not Checked

1 Checked

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM10AS1 Clothing

EM10BS1 School expenses (lunches, books, supplies)

EM10CS1 For a car, motorcycle, car equipment, repairs, or insurance

EM10DS1 To buy other things--like an iPod or mp3 player, music downloads, sports equipment, bike, etc.

EM10ES1 For movies, entertainment, dating, clubs

EM10FS1 Saving for the future

EM10GS1 Savings and investments for other purposes

EM10HS1 I give money to my family

EM10IS1 Food

EM10JS1 Living expenses (rent, bills)

D13 How many workers do you supervise on your job?

EM11LS1 Low figure

EM11HS1 High figure

EM12S1 D14 Do you think you can stay on your present job as long as you like?

1 Yes, I can definitely keep this job as long as I want

2 I probably can keep this job as long as I want

3 No, I could be laid off at any time

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM13S1 D15 Do you have to think of new ways of doing things or solving problems on your job?


1 Almost always

2 Often

3 Sometimes

4 Rarely

5 Never

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM14S1 D16 How much control do you have over the way you spend your time at work (over the order and the amount of time you work on various parts of your job)?


1 Complete control

2 A great deal of control

3 A fair amount of control

4 Some, but not much control

5 Almost no control at all

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM15S1 D17 Overall, how much freedom do you have to make important decisions about what you do at work and how you do it?


1 Complete freedom

2 A great deal of freedom

3 A fair amount of freedom

4 Some, but not much freedom

5 Almost none at all

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM16S1 D18 Do you have a supervisor?

0 No 

1 Yes 

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

How often have you

1 Almost never

2 Rarely

3 Sometimes

4 Often

5 Always

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM17AS1 D19 How often do you feel bored at work, or that time is dragging?

EM17BS1 D20 How often are you held responsible for things that are really outside your control?

EM17CS1 D21 How often is there time pressure on your job?

EM17DS1 D22 How often are you interested enough in your job to do more work than your job requires?

EM17ES1 D23 How often do you feel that your work is meaningful and important?

EM17FS1 D24 How often are you exposed to excessive heat, cold or noise at work?

EM18S1 D25 Overall, how challenging do you consider your present job?

1 Very challenging

2 Somewhat challenging

3 Only a little bit challenging

4 Not at all challenging

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM19S1 D26 Are the challenges in your job?

1 Mainly mental

2 Mainly physical

3 Both mental and physical

4 Neither, my job is not challenging

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

How true about your job is each statement below?

1 Not at all true

2 A little true

3 Somewhat true

4 Very true

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM20AS1 D27 My job gives me a chance to learn a lot of new things.

EM20BS1 D28 To satisfy some people on my job, I have to upset others.

EM20CS1 D29 There is little opportunity for advancement on my job.

EM20DS1 D30 I have too much work to do everything well.

EM20ES1 D31 My job requires that I work very hard.

EM20FS1 D32 My job uses my skills and abilities.

EM20GS1 D33 Sometimes I am unclear about what I have to do on my job.

EM20HS1 D34 I feel drained of my energy when I get off work.

EM20IS1 D35 My job gives me a chance to be helpful to others.

EM21S1 D36 How satisfied are you with your job as a whole?

1 Extremely satisfied

2 Very satisfied

3 Somewhat satisfied

4 Somewhat dissatisfied

5 Very dissatisfied

6 Extremely dissatisfied

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

How much has your job helped you to develop the following abilities?

1 Not at all 

2 A little

3 Some

4 A great deal

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

EM22AS1 D37 To follow directions

EM22BS1 D38 To get along with people

EM22CS1 D39 To be on time

EM22DS1 D40 To take responsibility for your work

EM22ES1 D41 To manage your money

EM23S1 D42 Do you think things you are learning in your job will be useful to you in your later life?

1 Extremely useful

2 Very useful

3 Somewhat useful

4 Not at all useful

-9 Missing

-8 Not currently employed

C. Volunteering (S1, 2009)
E. Work and School (S1, 2009)